Jesus is the last Adam, and the redeemed can be called the last Eve.

Genesis chapters 1, 2 and 3 seem to be a shortened record of human history. But when interpreted spiritually, it covers a vast range of history. The story of Adam and Eve and the serpent should not be regarded merely as an old story of the Garden of Eden just as most Christians view. In its history, we can discover the profound truths about the past and the present.

First, concerning Adam, the apostle Paul wrote:

“…as did Adam, who was a pattern of the one to come.” Romans 5:14

Second, concerning Eve, he wrote:

“But I am afraid that just as Eve was deceived by the serpent’s cunning, your minds may be somehow led astray from your sincere and pure devotion to Christ.

Third, concerning the serpent, Apostle John wrote:

“The great dragon was hurled down — that ancient serpent (who tempted Eve) called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray.” Revelation 12:9

The serpent who deceived Eve is “the ancient serpent,” who is called “the great dragon, or the devil, or Satan.” Studying it spiritually, we can find profound truths of the angelic world before the creation of the earth. Adam represents Jesus, and Eve the angels whom He loved in the angelic world before the earth was created. The prophet Isaiah decribed Lucifer’s rebellious action in heaven like that of the king of Babylon as follows: (Isaiah 14:12-15).

Here, let’s look once more into the story of Adam and Eve and the serpent written in Genesis chapters 1, 2 and 3, physically and spiritually. In the Garden of Eden lived a happy couple, Adam and Eve. They obeyed God’s command, and they were blameless as the rulers over the earth. Adam tried to obey God’s word absolutely, and Satan could not make Adam stumble by any crafty means. God gave Adam a command, “Do not eat…” (Genesis 2:16-17). Satan already knew that Adam had firmly resolved to obey God’s command; he could not attack Adam directly, so he tempted Eve who was weak, in the absence of Adam (Genesis 3:1-17).

It was not Satan’s ultimate purpose to tempt Eve only. Satan was sure that Adam would stumble if he tempted Eve first; as it is written, “The man said, ‘This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh’ … and they will become one flesh” (Genesis 2:23-25). Satan was confident that if Eve ate from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, Adam would also eat of it because he loved her so much, even regarding her as his own flesh. As Satan expected, Adam, who knew that Eve had eaten from the tree, also ate the forbidden fruit; for he could not leave her to die alone. Finally they were expelled from the Garden of Eden. What does this history of Adam and Eve teach us? It is written:

I Corinthians 15:45-46 The first man Adam became a living being; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit.

Romans 5:12-14 …as did Adam, who was a pattern of the one to come.

The above verses imply that through Adam we can find some profound truth about Jesus Christ. In other words, Adam stands for Jesus Christ, and Eve represents the saints in Him. As it is written in 2 Corinthians 11:2-3.

In the spiritual world before the creation of this world, Jesus Christ loved His holy people as Himself. As Adam loved Eve, so Jesus loved them. As Adam had power to reign over the earth, so Jesus Christ had power to reign over the whole universe (Ephesians 1:10; Colossians 1:15-16). Satan aimed at His sovereignty. Seizing the opportunity, he deceived the angels whom Jesus loved most and caused them to sin and be driven own from heaven, just as he did to Eve (Genesis 3:1-6). By doing that, Satan schemed that Jesus would come down to earth, like the fallen angels.

Satan was confident that if Jesus came down to earth in the flesh, he would successfully tempt Him, just as he deceived Eve, so that He might not go back up to heaven. As he expected, Jesus Himself came down to earth in the flesh to save the souls who sinned, and sacrificed His body as a sin offering for them. “The wages of sin is death.” In order to save the spirits who sinned, a righteous person without sin must die. According to ancient law, if a man sets a sinner free, he must die instead of the sinner (I Kings 20:42).

The priests, scribes and elders, who handed Jesus over to be crucified, mocked Him: “He saved others… but he can’t save himself!” (Matthew 27:41-42). Jesus dies for the souls who sinned, but He rose from the dead and revealed His glory all over the universe. Satan was surprised at this. Since the Bible says, “The wages of sin is death” (Romans 6:23) and “The soul who sins will die” (Ezekiel 18:4 NASB), Satan thought that Jesus would not be able to save Himself, even though He saved the souls who sinned by dying for them (Matthew 27:41-44).

However, Jesus saved not only the souls who sinned but also Himself. This mystery was hidden in the Passover, God brought the Israelites out of Egypt, the land of slavery, which represents this sinful world (Exodus 12:12-38). And on the Day of Atonement, He placed all the sins of the Israelites, which stained the sanctuary, on the head of the scapegoat that represented Satan, and He sent the goat away into the desert (Leviticus 16:20-22).

This was a shadow of the things to come. As the Passover lamb, Jesus brought His people out of this sinful world through His precious blood shed on the cross, instead of the blood of the lamb. And as the sin offering of the Day of Atonement, He atoned all His people’s sins through His blood, instead of the blood of a goat; and He handed all their sins over to Satan represented as the scapegoat, so that He could save all His people and Himself as well.

Death is destroyed if sin is removed, because it entered the world through sin (Romans 5:12). So if all people’s sins leading to death are handed over to Satan, death too will be handed over to him. Though Jesus died for the sins of all people, He could rise again because all their sins that He temporaily carried on Himself were handed over to Satan and consequently death was also handed over to him.

Satan, who was not aware of this mysterious principle, thought that he would gain victory over Jesus if he put Him to death by charging Him with sin. So he crucified Jesus, not knowing that all people’s sins would be handed over to himself. After the Resurrection and Ascension, Jesus cast Satan, who was attending the general assembly of the firstborn in heaven, completely down to this sinful world – the den of death (Hebrews 2:14-15; John 12:31-33, Revelation 12:4-9).

Putting the above veres together, we come to know that Satan had the right to attend the general assembly of the firstborn and he was not completely expelled from heaven until the Crucifixion. However, after the Ascension, Jesus drove him out from heaven and won a victory over him.

Some may think that ‘war in heaven’ in Revelation 12:7 broke out when Adam sinned, and that Satan was cursed and expelled from the Garden of Eden at that time. Actually, Satan had already sinned and was expelled from heaven before Adam sinned. However, he was not completely driven out like Adam and Eve; he deprived Adam of his sovereignty and atteneded the general assembly of the firstborn of heaven as the representative of the earth (Job 1:6-7; 2:1-2; Hebrews 12:23). If Satan had been cast out into the earth with Adam, he would have have been able to attend the general assembly of heaven. It was after the Ascension that Satan was completely expelled from heaven. After being thrown down to the earth, Satan persecuted the Church of God, and he will also persecute God’s remnant people in the last days (Revelation 12:13-17).

Jesus is the last Adam, and the redeemed can be called the last Eve.

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